Tattoo inks consist of pigments combined with a carrier, and are used in tattooing.
First off, tattoo inks are available in a range of colors that can be thinned or mixed together to produce other colors and shades. Most professional tattoo artists purchase inks pre-made (known as pre-dispersed inks), and while some tattooers mix their own using a dry pigment and a carrier.
Tattoo ink is generally permanent. Tattoo removal is difficult, painful, and the degree of success depends on the materials used. Recently developed inks claim to be comparatively easy to remove. Unsubstantiated claims have been made that some inks fade over time, yielding a “semi-permanent tattoo.”
In the United States, tattoo inks are subject to regulation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as cosmetics and color additives. This regulatory authority is, however, not generally exercised. Also The FDA and medical practitioners have noted that many ink pigments used in tattoos are “industrial strength colors suitable for printers’ ink or automobile paint.”
As well as in the sate of California, Proposition 65 requires that Californians be warned before exposure to certain harmful chemicals; tattoo parlors in California must warn their patrons that tattoo inks contain heavy metals known to cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm as well.
Also, because manufacturers are not required to reveal their ingredients or conduct trials, and recipes may be proprietary. Professional inks may be made from iron oxides (rust), metal salts, plastics. Unfortunately, many homemade or traditional tattoo inks may be made from pen ink, soot, dirt, blood, and or other ingredients.
In conclusion Heavy metals are used for colors include mercury (red); lead (yellow, green, white); cadmium (red, orange, yellow); nickel (black); zinc (yellow, white); chromium (green); cobalt (blue); aluminium (green, violet); titanium (white); copper (blue, green); iron (brown, red, black); and barium (white). Metal oxides used include ferrocyanide and ferricyanide (yellow, red, green, blue). Some of the organic chemicals used include azo-chemicals orange, brown, yellow, green and violet too. Also naptha-derived chemicals make red. Carbon soot or ash is also used for black. As well as other elements used as pigments include antimony, arsenic, beryllium, calcium, lithium, selenium, and sulphur too.
And Many of the tattoo ink manufacturers typically blend the heavy metal pigments and or use lightening agents, such as, but not limited to lead or titanium to reduce production costs.